College of Arts and Sciences

Department of Anthropology

Dr. William Andrefsky, Jr.


Ph.D., Binghamton University
Dean of the Graduate School
Professor

Current Research - Courses - Graduate Students - Publications

Research Interests

Prehistoric hunter-gatherer organization, lithic technology, rise of sedentism

For the past 20 years I have worked in the interior northwestern region of North America. I have also conducted field research in Alaska, Japan, and over a dozen states in the continental U.S. I am interested in the manner in which hunter-gatherers organize themselves across the landscape and how their organizational strategies are mirrored in their lithic technology.

Current Research

PointMy research centers upon the contexts and situations that allow hunting and gathering populations to shift from simple foraging to a sedentary lifestyle.  This research involves archaeological field excavations, stone characterization analysis, controlled laboratory experiments, and ethno-historic searches.  Over the past fourteen years I have focused my efforts on the Owyhee River Canyon in southeastern Oregon. This research effort has put us into the field for eleven of the past fourteen years with both undergraduate field schools and with smaller more concentrated teams of graduate students and researchers. This summer (2012) we conducted a short field survey searching for lithic raw material sources.

My interests in methodological approaches to archaeology primarily deal with stone tools and lithic debitage analysis. This may seem trivial to some, however, a case can be made that a great majority of the materials found on prehistoric sites from all parts of the world are composed of stone, yet we know so little about how to interpret such materials. The archaeological record is a collection of the material remains of past human activities and behaviors. Because of organic decomposition, natural erosion, and modern landscape development only a very small fraction of that material culture is preserved on prehistoric site locations. Stone tools, however, are among the few kinds of material culture withstanding the inroads of natural and cultural perturbations. I think it is fascinating and essential to develop techniques and methods that will help us determine how to interpret behavioral and cultural information from this body of data.

Courses

Graduate

  • ANTH 399/599 Archaeological Field School
  • ANTH 513Lithic Technological Organization
  • ANTH 530 Archaeology Method and Theory
  • ANTH 543Plateau Prehistory

Undergraduate

  • ANTH 101General Anthropology
  • ANTH 230 Introduction to Archaeology
  • ANTH 399/599 Archaeological Field School
  • ANTH 490 Integrative Themes in Anthropology

 

Current Graduate Students

Due to his appointment as Dean of the Graduate School, Dr. Andrefsky is not currently accepting new graduate students.

  • Jacob Adams, Ph.D.
  • Philip Fisher, Ph.D.
  • Kathryn Harris, Ph.D. - CV
  • Justin Williams, Ph.D.

Past Graduate Students

    • Dr. Sean Hess, Bureau of Reclamation, Boise
    • Dr. Douglas MacDonald, University of Montana
    • Dr. Edward Knell, California State University, Fullerton
    • Dr. Jeffery Rasic, Gates of the Arctic National Park and University of Alaska
    • Dr. Nathan Goodale, Hamilton College

     

    Representative Publications

    Recent Books

    2014 Lithics in the West. University of Montana Press, Missoula. Edited by Douglas MacDonald, William Andrefsky, Jr. and Pei-Lin Yu.

    C:\Users\and\Pictures\lithic technology.jpgIn Press  Lithic Technological Systems:  Stone, Human Behavior, Evolution.  Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. edited by Nathan Goodale, William Andrefsky, Jr.

    2008    Lithic Technology: Measures of Production, Use and Curation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.  edited by William Andrefsky, Jr.

    2005     Lithics: Macroscopic Approaches to Analysis, Second Edition, Cambridge University Press,Cambridge, U.K., by Andrefsky, Jr., William.Lithics

    Lithic Debitage Book Cover

    2001    Lithic Debitage Analysis: Context Form Meaning. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City. edited by William Andrefsky, Jr.

     

     

     

     

    Representative Papers

    2013     Fingerprinting Flake Production and Damage Processes: Toward Identifying Human Artifact Characteristics. In Paleoamerican Odyssey. Edited by Kelly Graf, Michael Waters, and Ted Geobel, pp. 415-428. Texas A&M Press, College Station.

    2013     Williams, Justin P., Andrew Duff, and William Andrefsky, Jr.
    Debitage Stylistic Variability at Cox Ranch Pueblo. Lithic Technology 38:3-16.

    2012    Andrefsky, Jr., William  Raising the Bar:  Lithic Analysis and Archaeological Research in the Southeast.  In Contemporary Lithic Analysis in the Southeastern:  Problems, Solutions and Interpretations, edited by Phil J. Carr, Andrew P. Bradbury, and Sarah E. Price, pp. 182-193,  University of Alabama Press.

    2011   Ferris, Jennifer M., and William Andrefsky, Jr.  Transport Damage and Lithic Analysis:  New Insights. In Archaeological Papers from the New Ground Australian Conference, Edited by Benjamin Marwick and Alexander McKay,  pp.  British Archaeological Reports, Oxford, UK.

    2011     Williams, Justin, William Andrefsky Jr., Debitage Variability Among Multiple Flint Knappers. Journal of Archaeological Science. 38:865-872.

    2010     Andrefsky, Jr., William   Human Land-use Strategies and Projectile Point Damage, Resharpening, and Discard Patterns, Human Evolution 25:13-30.

    2010   Goodale, Nathan, Heather Otis, William Andrefsky, Jr., Ian Kuijt, Bill Finlayson, Ken Bart  Sickle Blake Life-History and the Transition to Agriculture:  An Early Neolithic Case Study from Southwest Asia.  Journal of Archaeological Science 32:1192-1201.

    2009   Andrefsky, Jr., William   The Analysis of Stone Tool Procurement, Production, and Maintenance.  Journal of Archaeological Research 17:65-103. 

    2009   Terry, Karisa, William Andrefsky, Jr., Mikhail V. Konstantinov   Raw Material Durability, Function, and Retouch in the Upper Paleolithic of the Transbikal Region, Siberia, In Lithic Materials and Paleolithic Societies, edited by Brian Adams and Brooke Blades, pp.  256-259.  Wiley-Blackwell, West Sussex, UK.

    2008    Wilson, Jennifer Keeling, and William Andrefsky, Jr. Unpacking Production, Resharpening and Hammer Type, in Lithic Technology: Measures of Production, Use and Curation , edited by William Andrefsky, Jr., pp. 86-105. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

    2007    Andrefsky, Jr., William   Cobble Tool or Cobble Core:  Exploring Alternative Typologies.  In Tools or Cores: Alternative Approaches to Stone Tool Analysis,  edited by S. B. McPherron, pp 253-266.  Cambridge Scholars Publishing, UK. 

    2007    Andrefsky, Jr., William  The Application and Misapplication of Mass Analysis in Lithic Debitage Studies. Journal of Archaeological Science 34:392-402.

    2006     Andrefsky, Jr., William   Experimental and Archaeological Verification of an Index of Retouch for Hafted Bifaces.  American Antiquity 71:743-758.

    2005     Andrefsky, Jr., William   Lithic Studies.  In Handbook of Methods in Archaeology,  edited by H.D.G. Maschner and C. Chippindale, pp.  713-770.  AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, CA.

    2004     Andrefsky, Jr., William   Partitioning the Aggregate: Mass Analysis and Debitage Assemblages. In Aggregate Analysis in Chipped Stone Studies, edited by Mary Lou Larson and Christopher Hall, pp 172-193, University of Utah Press.

    2004   Andrefsky, Jr., William   Materials and Contexts for a Culture History of the Columbia Plateau. In Complex Hunter-Gatherers: Evolution and Organization of Prehistoric Communities on the Plateau of Northwestern North America. Edited by Wm. C. Prentiss and Ian Kuijt, pp. 35-62, University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.

    2001    Lithic Debitage Analysis: Context Form Meaning. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City. edited by William Andrefsky, Jr.

    2001    Rasic, Jeff, and William Andrefsky, Jr. Blade Cores and Technological Organization in Northwestern North America. In Lithic Debitage Analysis: Context Form Meaning. edited by William Andrefsky, Jr., pp. 233-258, University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.

    2000     The Calispell Archaeological Project: Final Report, Volumes 1-V. Center for Northwest Anthropology, Project Report Number 16. edited by William Andrefsky, Jr., Gregg Burtchard, Kira Presler, Steven R. Samuels, Paul H. Sanders, and Alston ThomsWashington State University, Pullman, Washington.

    1997   Andrefsky, Jr., William   Thoughts on Stone Tool Shape and Inferred Function. Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology 13:125-143.

    1994   Andrefsky, Jr., William   Raw Material Availability and the Organization of Technology. American Antiquity 59:21 35.

    1994   Andrefsky, Jr., William   The Geological Occurrence of Lithic Material and Stone Tool Production Strategies. Geoarchaeology: An International Journal 9:345-362.

    1991   Andrefsky, Jr., William   Inferring Trends in Prehistoric Settlement Behavior Lithic Production Technology in the Southern Plains. North American Archaeololgy 12(2) 129-144.

    1990 An Introduction to the Archaeology of Pinon Canyon, Southeastern Colorado Vols. I VI. National Park Service, Rocky Mountain Region, Denver, Colorado.

    1987 Diffusion and Innovation from the Perspective of Wedge Shaped Cores in Alaska and Japan. In The Organization of Core Technology. eds. Johnson, J.K. and C.A. Morrow. Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado.

    1982 Reduction Sequences and the Exchange of Obsidian in Neolithic Calabria. In Contexts for Prehistoric Exchange. eds. Ericson, J. and T. Earle, pp. 149-172. Academic Press, New York. (second author with Albert Ammerman).

    Back to Top

 

Andrefsky

Circa 2010

College Hall 150
509.335.1127
and@wsu.edu

 

 

 

 

 

Heading using the h3tag

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.

Department of Anthropology, PO Box 644910, Washington State University, Pullman WA 99164-4910, 509-335-3441, Contact Us